Pengaruh Skills Group Dialectical Behavior Therapy terhadap Penurunan Disregulasi Emosi Ibu

Authors

  • Rahmi Habibah Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Islam Bandung, Jawa Barat
  • Indri Utami Sumaryanti Psikologi, Universitas Islam Bandung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29313/jrp.v3i1.1849

Keywords:

Skills group dialectical behavior therapy, disregulasi emosi, kekerasan terhadap anak

Abstract

Abstract. Violence committed against children is still a problem that has not been fully resolved until now. There are still many cases of violence experienced by children and continue to increase every year. There are various research results which state that violence against children is often carried out by the closest people around the child their mothers. One factor that cause mothers to commit violence against their children is emotional dysregulation, namely difficulties in controlling emotional responses. Until now, emotion regulation skills are still underutilized as an intervention in parenting. Skills Group Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a psychological intervention developed by Marsha Linehan to deal with problems related to emotional dysregulation and behavioral disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine and obtain empirical data regarding the effect of giving skills group dialectical behavior therapy to reduce emotional dysregulation experienced by mothers who commit violence against children. This study used a one group pretest and posttest design with a total of 4 research subjects. Measurements on maternal emotional dysregulation using the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Data analysis in this study used Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks. The results showed a significance value of 0.068 (p<0.1) which indicates that there is an effect of giving Skills Group Dialectical Behavior Therapy to decrease emotional dysregulation in mothers who abuse children.

Abstrak. Kekerasan yang dilakukan kepada anak masih menjadi permasalahan yang belum bisa teratasi sepenuhnya hingga saat ini. Masih banyak kasus kekerasan yang dialami anak dan terus mengalami peningkatan setiap tahunnya. Terdapat berbagai hasil penelitian yang menyatakan bahwa kekerasan terhadap anak seringkali dilakukan oleh orang-orang terdekat salah satunya dilakukan oleh ibu. Salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan ibu melakukan kekerasan terhadap anak adalah disregulasi emosi, yaitu kesulitan dalam mengontrol emosi. Hingga saat ini keterampilan meregulasi emosi masih kurang dimanfaatkan sebagai intervensi dalam pengasuhan. Skills Group Dialectical Behavior Therapy merupakan suatu intervensi psikologi yang dikembangkan oleh Marsha Linehan untuk menangani permasalahan terkait disregulasi emosi tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan mendapatkan data empirik mengenai pengaruh pemberian skills group dialectical behavior therapy untuk menurunkan disregulasi emosi pada ibu yang melakukan kekerasan terhadap anak. Penelitian ini menggunakan one group pretest dan posttest design dengan jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 4 orang. Pengukuran terhadap disregulasi emosi ibu dilakukan dengan menggunakan Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,068 (p<0,1) yang menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh dari pemberian Skills Group Dialectical Behavior Therapy terhadap penurunan disregulasi emosi pada ibu yang melakukan kekerasan terhadap anak.

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Published

2023-07-18